5 Causes and Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

What is Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

In order to understand what GERD means one
should be clear with the terminology separately. Gastroesophageal means
esophagus and stomach whereas reflux means return or flow back.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is nothing but a
digestive disorder which affects your lower esophageal sphincter (LES). LES is
a ring made up of muscles lying between the stomach and the esophagus. When the
acid cycle in the stomach gets disrupted and the esophagus lining gets
irritated, people experience a Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

GERD can occur to any person including aged
people, children and pregnant ladies. 
People suffering from this disease experience it twice a week.  You can get rid of Gastroesophageal reflux
disease by using some easily available medicines such as Pantocid.
Pantocid reduces the acidic level in your stomach thus
giving your relieve from this illness.

Causes of Gastroesophageal reflux disease


The causes ofGastroesophageal
reflux disease are listed below:

  • If you are facing a very recurrent acid reflux,
    chances are high that you may end up suffering from this illness.

While swallowing, a muscle band located near the
esophagus stretches so that the liquid and food can be released into the
stomach easily. If the relaxation of this sphincter is not normal or is a bit
weak, the acid gets back into the esophagus. And if it happens time and again
the esophagus lining gets disturbed and hence inflamed.

  • Obesity is a major cause behind Gastroesophageal
    reflux. People are heavy end to face this problem more because the pressure
    exerted on the abdominal is quite high and can be risky.
  • Smoking or inhaling the smoke indirectly is also
    a very common cause. When you smoke, an acidic content gets formed in your
    esophagus thus making you more prone to this illness.
  • There are certain medicines that enhance the
    acidic level in the stomach when consumed on daily basis. Antidepressants,
    sedatives, medicines to cure asthma, antihistamines etc. are a few that can be
    included in this list. GERD is a very common side effect of all these
    medications. Thus, be very careful whenever you start any course of medicines
    for three or five days. Make sure you are fully aware of the side effects.
  • Over consumption of beverages such as coffee and
    alcohol are also responsible for Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Therefore, it
    is advisable that you know your limits very well!
  • Irregular eating habits. This includes over
    eating or eating late night. When you eat some really large meals or prefer
    late night eating it becomes a little difficult for your body to digestive

There are many more
causes behind this illness. Pregnancy, consumption of fried food items, tissue
disorders, delaying bowel movements etc. are a few to name.

You should be extra
careful regarding all this. Once you become a victim of Gastroesophageal
reflux, life becomes a bit uneasy and tough. It is better to adopt some
preventive measures before hand rather than visiting the doctor and spending

Symptoms of Gastroesophageal reflux disease

The symptoms ofGastroesophageal reflux disease are listed below:

  • Heartburn

One of the main
symptoms of Gastroesophageal reflux disease is heartburn. Heartburn is a sort
of burning sensation which gets worse when an individual tries to lie down.

If you are facing
heartburns time and again it is better that you visit a doctor without any

  • Vomiting

Vomiting is a very
common symptom of Gastroesophageal reflux. Even if you eat good food throughout
the day you will have a continuous feeling of vomiting. This will keep on
happening again and again and make you feel very unhealthy and sick.

It is a clear hint
that you are not okay and should get your check up done right now.

  • Difficult to swallow

A person suffering
from Gastroesophageal reflux disease is unable to swallow food easily. There
will be some sort of discomfort in his or her throat that will make him or her
difficult to swallow food. Many a times the individual just relies on liquid
diet because of the excessive pain.

  • Chest Pain

Chest Pain is
another very common symptom of Gastroesophageal reflux disease. If your illness
is at an early stage the pain may be mild and will not bother you much. But if
you are ignoring the symptoms from quite a long period of time, it may happen
that the chest pain may become serious and life threatening.

  • Inappropriate sleep

Well, this is quite
common. If you are not physically fit it is obvious that you will not be able
to sleep properly. Your sleeping routine will be distorted completely.

  • Headache

If your illness is
at a serious stage, you may also experience a severe and continuous headache.
This is a rare symptom of Gastroesophageal reflux disease but can occur if you
continue to act carelessly towards your own health.

There are other
symptoms associated with Gastroesophageal reflux disease which includes asthma;
either the start or worsening of the existing one, cough, laryngitis etc. One
should not worry much about these symptoms if it is just the initial stage.
Medications are available in the market which provides you relieve and also
helps you to recover quickly.

Always work under
the guidance of your doctor so that he or she can act accordingly in case of
any emergency. Before you consume any antibiotics ask about all the side
effects and see whether the medicine suits you or not.

There are many other ways to overcome this
problem. Just maintain your calm!


The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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